The best organisations evolve and transform regularly. Famously Nokia started in 1865 as a single paper mill, became the world leader in mobile phones (with more than a 35% global market share, it was much bigger than Apple is today) but then missed the touch screen revolution…. Perfectly good firms such as Red Letter Days have found their organisation totally destroyed during a failed transformation activity.
On the other hand transformation has led Danish oil and gas giant DONG Energy to become Ørsted, the global leader in offshore wind energy generation!
Transformation is a change in strategic state along with major changes in key organisational dimensions. We may think that in government we are more protected than the commercial world from the issues arising from complexity, but there are so many examples of government projects failing to understand and manage complexity. One example in defence was the procurement of the new Nimrod aircraft. The project was cancelled in 2010 after £3.4 billion was spent. No aircraft were delivered and the project’s failure was down to a lack of preparation within government about the real complexity of the project.
Closer to home the Infrastructure and Projects Authority (IPA) included £5 billion worth of Department of Health & Social Care projects in their 2021 Annual Review. You can see the results for yourself (red means the objectives are unachievable, green means they are a success, everything else is in between). The vast majority are amber or amber and red